Autonomous driving is not to an all-or-nothing affair. But in reality, automation of driving functions has a long history that has been steadily expanding for decades. The use of speed control with a centrifugal governor dates back to the 1900s and 1910s, while modern cruise control was invented in 1948. Anti-lock brakes were first used for aircraft in 1929. The growing use of automation of driving functions is also apparent in newer features like intelligent parking assist and lane keeping assist systems.
Here, we take a look at the growing use of automation and present a model that captures the transition to truly self-driving cars based on work by the U.S. government and SAE International.